Sri Lanka officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India. Sri Lanka's documented history spans 3,000 years, with evidence of pre-historic human settlements dating back to at least 125,000 years. Its geographic location and deep harbours made it of great strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk Road. Sri Lanka has more than 2,550 years of continuous written history by means of the Mahawansha, and was also mentioned in several ancient Indian texts. One of the most famous is the Ramayana, in which the island, which was referred to as Lanka, was the island fortress of the king Ravana. sri lanka tourist place, Sigiriya Rock, Royal Botanical Gardens, The Golden Temple [Dambulla], Gal Vihara [Polonnaruwa], Old Town of Galle and its Fortifications [Galle], Temple of the Tooth, [Kandy], Polonnaruwa, World's End [Nuwara Eliya], Bentota Beach, Ruwanwelisaya Dagoba [Anuradhapura], Nuwara Eliya, Pinnawala elephant orphanage.